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Any questions related to football rules and mechanics, as well as safety. Extensive experience in football officiating, including training, evaluating, discipline, and mechanics of football officials.

Experience in the area

Consulting and Expert Witness Analysis: Football-related issues of player safety, including liability cases; standard of care and negligence claims of players, coaches, schools, and game officials; mechanisms for on-field injuries; subrogation claims; playing rules; sportsmanship; true sport; committees' points of emphasis for game rules; and mechanics of the game and game officials. - Media education and analysis - Officiating instruction, qualifications, mechanics, and standards - Coaches' education - Film evaluation, analysis, and grading - Insurance coverage, risks, liabilities, investigations, subrogation - Legal education, objective analysis, discovery plans, trial and cross-examination preparation - Injury analysis, cause, prevention, and involvement of officials, coaches, and players - Expert witness evaluation and testimony - Remedial measure to minimize future risks - Fact-checking and analysis for authors and media - Disciplining officials and players, and causes for discipline - Analysis of hazardous playing conditions - General education on the rules and mechanics for players, coaches, schools, and game officials


Big Sky Conference Football Officials Association Colorado Springs Basketball Officials Association Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference Football Officials Rotary International Sports Lawyers Association American Bar Association Section on Sports Law


JURIS DOCTOR, cum laude 2001 University of Minnesota Law School, Minneapolis, Minnesota President, Entertainment and Sports Law Students Association Associate Editor, Minnesota Law Review MASTERS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, with honors 2001 University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management, Minneapolis, Minnesota Double Concentration: Marketing and Finance Beta Gamma Sigma (national honor society) BACHELOR OF SCIENCE, cum laude 1997 Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Double major: Business Marketing and Business Finance Minor: Political Science Beta Gamma Sigma and Alpha Sigma Nu (national honor societies) Extensive training in football rules and officiating mechanics.

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    K = Knowledgeability    C = Clarity of Response    P = Politeness
Timm09/30/15101010Excellent answer! Perfectly explained! I've been attempting .....
Timm09/30/15101010Thank you Bill. It is NFHS (high .....
Trish08/12/14101010Thank you!

Recent Answers from William J. Robers

2015-11-29 forward progress:

John,    By rule, if the runner's forward progress is stopped, the clock would continue to run.  There are some caveats, however.  If it is a first down, the clock would stop for the chains, and then start

2015-09-23 football ejection:

Nellie,    Thank you for your question.  The answer depends wholly on the rules and regulations of (a) the state association that governs high school sports, (b) the conference (if any) in which the school

2014-09-05 JV high school football ejection:

Mistie,    I understand your frustration.  I am sorry this has happened to your son.    Unfortunately, as officials, we usually only see a retaliation.  The rules provide that any act of fighting requires

2014-08-11 Am I allowed to ask the coach why?:

Trish,    There is no problem with you communicating with the coach, as long as it is done in a professional way, and it is clear that you are merely interested in the well-being of your child, and not


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