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I can answer most any question about church history and theology, starting from 1818 when William Miller articulated the 1st Angels Message that became the foundation of the Adventist Movement. While this first prophetic message terminated in the spring of 1844, it was followed by what Adventists refer to as the 2nd Angels Message, which dates from the spring of 1844 until the great disappointment of October 22, 1844. By 1847, the 3rd Angels Message had been developed and this Sabbatarian theology represents the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Moreover, I can explain the historical and theological development of the SDA denomination from its beginning and on through the great Battle Creek schism that forced the SDA's to retreat to Takoma Park. Here the 20th century church recovered from their internal battles that had erupted at the 1888 General Conference in Minneapolis over the definition of the law and the Gospel. Fearing another repeat of this disaster, President Daniels, determined to hide this debate. However, this policy led to more conflict, especially over the role and authority of Ellen White, a unique and accomplished religious writer that had remarkable spiritual gifts. However, by the decade of the 1970`s, the church once again erupted into debate. The hierarchy settled the turmoil in 1980 with the trial of Dr. Desmond Ford at Glacier View. Here Dr. Ford was exiled because he supposedly disagreed with Ellen White over the Fundamentals. But this controversial action resulted in another major schism that is still in progress today.

Experience in the area

Tom Norris was raised as a Seventh-day Adventist in Takoma Park, Md. He attended SDA grade and High schools, moving on to study Adventist theology at Columbia Union College. He also spent significant time conducting independent research in the General Conference Archives and the Ellen G. White Estate. Over the years he has also interviewed a number of prominent Adventist scholars, theologians, and Pastors ranging from the late Arthur White to the exiled Dr. Desmond Ford. In addition, he has amassed a large private library, which includes numerous rare books and manuscripts about Adventist theology and history. He is presently the online editor of Adventist Reform, and can be found at Adventist for Tomorrow answering questions online about SDA theology and history as well as promoting Adventist Reform.


Tom Norris attended SDA grade and High schools, moving on to study Adventist theology at Columbia Union College. He also spent significant time conducting independent research in the General Conference Archives and the Ellen G. White Estate.

What do you like about this subject?

The Study of Seventh-day Adventism is fascinating because it deals with how the world will end. With the recent focus on WMD's and the Middle East, the eschatology of the SDA's becomes even more timely and provocative. The SDA's also have a very interesting emphasis on Natural Health and Vegetarianism.

What do you still hope to achieve/learn in this field?

Seventh-day Adventist eschatology was meant to reach a point of sophistication whereby a new and final Message would emerge at the end of time. So this is the challenge for this unique group, whose self-proclaimed mission is to complete the Protestant Reformation and prepare the church for the Great Time of Trouble that precedes the Second Coming.

Something interesting about this subject that others may not know:

Many do not understand that the Adventist Movement is responsible for changing the eschatological paradigm for the entire Protestant church. Although every 19th century church repudiated their pre-millennial eschatology about the Second Coming as the Day of Judgment, virtually every denomination has since embraced this fundamental Adventist theology.

Something controversial or provocative about this subject

The modern SDA Church has not been honest about Historic Adventism. The leaders have seriously and dishonestly misrepresented the theology of Ellen G White and the Adventist Pioneers, even as they have beem caught hiding thousands of documents in the White Estate in order to promote myths and legends as if they were facts.

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Patti03/19/1710I agree that the church has become .....
Awano H.12/26/1610 Thank you! Tom Norris. It was .....
Awano H.11/10/16Dear Tom, Thanks for the response and .....
Patti10/16/16101010I appreciate the candidness with which my .....

Recent Answers from Tom Norris

2016-12-30 The Church:

Ellen White embraced the viewpoint that the Advent Movement was more serious about Bible truth than others.  She, and many other Sabbatarians, considered the 19th century Sunday keeping denominations to

2016-11-10 Law, Gospel, & the Sabbath:

Law & Sabbath Questions:    Tom said:  "The Sabbath doctrine stands at the intersection of the Old and New Covenants, which makes it problematic to understand, subject to different interpretations.   As

2016-10-23 Law, Gospel, & the Sabbath:

Law, Gospel, & Sabbath    The Gospels showcase the tension between Old Covenant Law and the New Covenant Gospel of Christ.  Jesus does not seem to be against the law, but yet he was always in conflict

2016-10-21 Beliefs- New Covenant Adventism- Tom Norris:

21st Century Eschatology    Today, most all the present beliefs about Gospel Eschatology are outdated and wrong.  Regardless which denomination, the various views about the Sabbath and how the world will

2016-10-11 Uriah Smith Fired 1902:

Uriah Smith & 1888    The Denomination has created and preserved a large database of records from the Battle Creek era.  This vast collection contains written eyewitness accounts from Uriah Smith, Presidentís


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