1st Amendment and Free Speech/Expert Profile

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I will answer general questions regarding freedom of speech, petition, or religion. My specialty is in cases involving public employment or education, as well as issues related to campaign finance. I can`t give specific legal advice involving specific cases you might have.

Experience in the area

As an attorney for the Center for Individual Rights, I worked on a number of free speech cases, including Rosenberger v. Univ. of Virginia, in which the Supreme Court upheld my clients' right to run a student newspaper without discrimination because of its religious content. I also worked on White v. Julian, which protected the right of people to protest against a homeless shelter in their neighborhood.

I also worked for the Federal Election Commission on several cases regarding the right to participate in the election process and engage in campaign related speech.


Former Attorney for Center for Individual Rights.


Washington Post
Washington Times


J.D. from Univ. of Michigan Law School

Awards and Honors

Truman Scholar

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Josh03/26/15101010Wow big help. Thanks for all the .....
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bud04/30/14101010Great answer!
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Recent Answers from Michael Troy

2015-03-25 Copy Right materials and personal release in ART:

Hello,    You raise some good questions.  At the outset, I have to say that I cannot provide legal advice in this forum.  I am happy to share my thoughts with you, but before acting on anything I say here

2014-09-24 The first ammendment and pornography:

Hello,    Generally speaking, most pornography is considered protected speech under the First Amendment as interpreted by the US Supreme Court.  However, obscenity is not protected.  A century ago, the

2014-08-07 Violation of First Amendment:

As I am not a Florida attorney, and am not familiar with the details of the case, I cannot say whether this specific case violates Constitutional rights.    That said, cyberstalking typically requires

2014-07-20 communication outside the workplace:

Sorry to hear about your difficulties.  Different States have different rules regarding how an employer could punish certain communications.  For a thorough analysis, you would need to discuss the matter

2014-04-30 Sterling/NBA:

Hello,    There is no First Amendment protection for actions taken by a private business.  The NBA is not a government entity and is not restricted by any First Amendment limitations.  Mr. Sterling as


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