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I have special expertise in the subject of accessibility codes and guidelines (ADA), and most specifically in the field of signage. If you have a question that is not about the ADA or about signs, I suggest you try the following excellent site: Naffa International BCDG (Building Code Discussion Group). The website address is You do have to register, but it's free. You will find discussions here on all kinds of Building Code Q & A topics. You go to the forum that sounds as if it's close to your topic, check out some of the posts and see if it sounds like a fit. Then pose your question. With luck, you may get some really good answers. You can email some of the experts individually by clicking on the headings of their posts. When you ask a question, of me, or of someone on the above site, tell them your state, and maybe your city if it's a large city. That is crucial for answering code questions. Sharon Toji

Experience in the area

I am a voting delegate to the American National Standards Institute that writes accessiblity standards used by the International Building Code and are the basis for the ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG). I am also a member of the Access Advisory Committee to the California State Building Standards Commission, among other positions.


Signs and the ADA (a manual I have written that is used across the country), and articles in many trade journals.


BA, Reed College Graduate work, University of Munich (Germany) and University of California, Irvine

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    K = Knowledgeability    C = Clarity of Response    P = Politeness
Armando Fernandez05/13/16101010Ms Toji answered my question promptly and .....
Stacie11/24/15101010Thank you Sharon! This is very helpful .....
Dorn02/20/15101010Ms. Toji's response to my query was .....

Recent Answers from Sharon Toji

2015-11-18 Non Tempered Glass Window Accident:

I would think your window qualifies as a "hazardous location" on several counts. I can't answer, obviously, if you can get your landlord to pay your medical bills, but I would contact your landlord's insurance

2015-11-12 Non Tempered Glass Window Accident:

I have two pages of code on tempered glass from the latest California building code. I was sending you all of it, but it got rejected as being too long for this site. I will give you what seem to be the

2015-10-20 Clearance bar requirements:

I have just read through the building code of West Virginia for parking garages, and yes, it requires that entrance heights in parking garages be identified. This puts West Virginia in sync with other

2015-04-22 firewalls:

I do not pretend to be an expert in anything other than ADA signs. I can tell you that we take fire doors very seriously, and never screw signs into them, because it renders them useless. However, I don't

2015-02-07 question:

Here in the United States, we have an organization called the International Building Code Council, which has developed what they call the IBC, or "International Building Code." However, it is not really


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